This course will provide a general history of Islamic law from the early seventh century down to the twentieth along with the development of the classical schools of jurisprudence. The sources of the law like the Qur’an, the Tradition (sunna), consensus (ijma’) and reason (‘aql) will be examined in connection with the process by which legal decisions in Islam are made. In the second part of the course, we will examine the application of Islamic law in the areas of family, finance, international relations and endowment. Finally, we will investigate the factors that led Muslim jurists to adopt an epistemological posture that was conducive to rational methodology in providing relevant legal-ethical rulings. The legal-ethical dynamism in Islamic law can be evaluated in the institution of ijtihad (independent legal thinking) that has provided practical guidance to respond to the challenges of modernity.