Alan Stacy received his doctorate in social and personality psychology from the University of California, Riverside (1986) and held postdoctoral fellowships at the University of Washington and the University of Southern California.
Dr. Stacy was one of the first to apply basic research on automatic memory processes and implicit cognition to habits relevant to health behavior. He has published major reviews of this literature (e.g., Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, Stacy & Wiers, 2010; Current Directions in Psychological Science, Wiers & Stacy, 2006) and many empirical evaluations of theoretical models that explain why some people engage in non-optimal, risky appetitive behavior (see publications below). Although much of this research has been focused on how cues trigger risky behavior and cognitions related to addiction and HIV-risk, this work is highly relevant to most preventive habits because of the focus on cues that prompt both risky and preventive actions. His most recent collaborative research has begun to investigate the interplay of these processes with neurally-supported specific executive functions such as working memory and affective decision making; this recent research also investigates the neural correlates of implicit and more controlled processes (Addiction Biology, 2014). He also has developed a variety of measures of associative memory processes in health behavior, some of which have been shown to have the best effect sizes among all alternative measures in a recent, independent meta-analysis of studies on implicit cognition and addiction. He has been principal investigator on a number of previous RO1 projects translating basic research to novel theories of diverse health behaviors and is currently co-investigator on two dietary projects (UO1 on new dietary interventions; RO1 on neurocognitive processes in dietary habits). He was also director of the USC Transdisciplinary Drug Abuse Prevention Research Center (NIH P50), which translated basic research findings to new interventions. He also has served as co-Principal Investigator on previous large, successful preventive intervention trials (RO1s) and several neural imaging projects funded by NIH. Most of his research has been in at-risk adolescent and young adult populations.
University of California, Riverside, PHD, 1986 University of California, Riverside, MA, 1984
Fellowships (Public Health Service)
University of Washington (UW), 1986 - 1987 University of Southern California (USC), 1987 - 1988
Recent Selected Publications (from over 100)
Stacy, A. W., Ames, S. W., Wiers, R. W., & Krank, M. (in press). Associative memory in appetitive behavior: Framework and relevance to epidemiology and prevention. In L. M. Scheier (Ed.), Handbook of Drug Use Etiology. Washington, D.C.: APA Books.
Wiers, R. W., Houben, K., Roefs, A., de Jong, P., Hofmann, W., & Stacy, A. W. (in press). Implicit cognition in health psychology. In B. Gawronski & K. Payne (Eds.), Handbook of Implicit Social Cognition: Measurement, Theory and Applications. New York: Guildford.
Zack, M., Sharpley, J., Dent, C. W., & Stacy, A. W. (2009). Context effects and false memory for alcohol words in adolescents. Addictive Behaviors, 2, 327-330.
Grenard, J. L., Ames, S. L., Wiers, R., Thush, C., Sussman, S., & Stacy, A. W. (2008). Working memory moderates the association between drug-related associations in memory and the frequency of substance use. Psychology of Addictive Behavior, 22, 426-432.
Wiers, R., Havermans, R., Deutsch, R., & Stacy, A. W. (2008). A mismatch with dual process models of addiction rooted in psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31, 460-460.
Stacy, A. W., Ames, S.L., Ullman, J.B., Zogg, J.B., & Leigh, B.C. (2006). Spontaneous cognition and HIV risk behavior. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 20,196-206.
Wiers, R. W., & Stacy, A. W. (2006). Implicit cognition and addiction. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 292-296.
Stacy, A. W., Ames, S. L., & Knowlton, B. J. (2004). Neurologically plausible distinctions in cognition relevant to drug use etiology and prevention. Substance Use & Misuse, 39(10-12), 1571-1623.
Stacy, A. W., Ames, S. L., & Leigh, B. C. (2004). An implicit cognition assessment approach to relapse, secondary prevention, and media effects. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 11, 139-149.
Stacy, A. W., Pearce, S. G., Zogg, J. B., Unger, J., & Dent, C. W. (2004). A nonverbal test of naturalistic memory for alcohol commercials. Psychology & Marketing, 212(4), 295-322.
Recent Research Projects Serving as Principal Investigator
Dual Processes in HIV-Risk Behavior Transdisciplinary Drug Abuse Prevention Research Center Implicit and Explicit Cognition in Alcohol Advertising
Recent Research Projects Serving as Co-Investigator
Functional Imaging of Implicit Marijuana Associations during IAT Performance (Susan Ames, PI).