Michelle Bligh

Michelle C. Bligh is an Associate Professor in the Division of Behavioral and Organizational Sciences at Claremont Graduate University. She received her doctorate in Management and Organizational Behavior from the State University of New York at Buffalo. Her research interests focus on organizational culture and the role of leaders in influencing and changing corporate cultures, particularly in post-merger organizations. In addition, her research interests include charismatic leadership, interpersonal trust, and political and executive leadership.

Her work has been published in Journal of Applied Psychology, Leadership, Employee Relations, The Leadership Quarterly, Applied Psychology: An International Review, Group and Organization Management, Journal of Managerial Psychology, and The Journal of Business Ethics, and she was awarded the 2003 Sage Outstanding Paper Award for Research Methods. She serves on the editorial review board of The Leadership Quarterly and is co-editor of a 2007 special issue of Applied Psychology: An International Review on follower-centric approaches to leadership. She recently co-edited a book titled Follower-Centered Perspectives on Leadership: A Tribute to the Memory of James R. Meindl as part of the Leadership Horizons series.

Dr. Bligh has helped a variety of public and private sector organizations assess and improve their effectiveness in the areas of leadership development, organizational culture, and change management. Through her work at the Kravis Leadership Institute at Claremont McKenna College, the Center for International Leadership in Buffalo, New York, and the Center for Leadership Innovation and Mentorship Building (CLIMB) at California State University San Marcos, she has worked in a number of industries, including local and state law enforcement, consulting, healthcare, and real estate. Dr. Bligh received her B.A. in Anthropology from Pomona College and her M.S. in Organizational Culture and Communication from the State University of New York at Buffalo.

Selected Publications

*Links below will allow anyone visiting from the network of any university with licensed access to download a copy of each article. If you experience any difficulty or have a question regarding Dr. Bligh's publications, please email us.

Bligh, M. C., & Riggio, R. (Eds.). (2012). When Near is Far and Far is Near: Exploring Distance in Leader-Follower Relationships. Psychology Press.

Schlehofer, M. M., Casad, B. J., Bligh, M. C., & Grotto, A. R. (2011). Navigating Public Prejudices: The Impact of Media and Attitudes on High-Profile Female Political Leaders. Sex Roles, 65(1), 69-82.

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., & Pillai, R. (2011).  Romancing leadership: Past, present, and future.  The Leadership Quarterly, 22, 1058 - 1077. 

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., & Pillai, R. (2011). Crisis and Charisma in the California Recall Election. In Collinson, D., Grint, K., & Jackson, B. (Eds.), Leadership, Sage Library of Business & Management. London, UK: Sage.

Al-Ani, B., Horspool, A., & Bligh, M. C. (August, 2011). Collaborating with ‘Virtual Strangers’: Towards Developing a Framework for Leadership in Distributed Teams. Leadership, 7(3).

Bligh, M. C., & Schyns, B. (2011). Leading Question: Contemporary Issues Surrounding the Romance of Leadership. In Bell, D. S. Political Leadership, Sage Library of Political Science. London, UK: Sage.

Bligh, M. C., Merolla, J., Schroedel, J. R., & Gonzalez, R. (In press). Finding Her Voice: Hillary Clinton’s Rhetoric in the 2008 Presidential Campaign. Women’s Studies. doi: 10.1080/00497878.2010.513316

Bligh, M. C., Schlehofer, M. M., Casad, B. J., & Gaffney, A. M. (In press). Competent Enough, But Would You Vote for Her? Gender Stereotypes and Media Influences on Perceptions of Women Politicians. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00781.x

Bligh, M. C. (2010). Followership and Follower-Centred Approaches. In Bryman, A., Grint, K., Jackson, B., Uhl-Bien, M., & Collinson, D. (Eds.), Sage Handbook of Leadership (pp. 1180-1216). London, UK: Sage.

Ferrin, D. L., Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. K. (2010). The Actor-Partner Independence Method and Its Potential for Studying Trust in Lab and Field Settings. Handbook of Research Methods on Trust.

Deng, B. H., Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2010). To Err is Human, To Lead is Divine? The Role of Leaders in Learning from Workplace Mistakes. In Schyns, B. & Hansbrough, T. (Eds.), When Leadership Goes Wrong: Destructive Leadership, Mistakes and Ethical Failures. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Hohman, Z. P., Hogg, M. A., & Bligh, M. C. (2010). Identity and Intergroup Leadership: Asymmetrical Political and National Identification in Response to Uncertainty. Self and Identity, 9, 113-128.

Bligh, M. C. (2009). Personality Theories of Leadership. In Levine, J. M., & Hogg, M. A. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. London, UK: Sage.

Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2009). Romance of Leadership. In Levine, J. M., & Hogg, M. A. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. London, UK: Sage.

Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2009). Charismatic Leadership. In Levine, J. M., & Hogg, M. A. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. London, UK: Sage.

Bligh, M. C., & Robinson, J. L. (2009). Was Gandhi "Charismatic"? Exploring the Rhetorical Leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. The Leadership Quarterly.

Pillai, R., Kohles, J.C., Bligh, M. C., Carston, M., & Brodowsky, G. (2009). Leadership in "Confucian Asia": Similarities and Differences of Justice, Trust, and Leadership Outcomes in Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Proceedings of the Eastern Academy of Management International Conference, Rio de Janeiro.

~Winner of the 2009 John Yanouzas Outstanding Paper Award.

Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2009). The Enduring Allure of Charisma: How Barack Obama Won the Historic 2008 Presidential Election. The Leadership Quarterly, 20, 483-492.

Selected for publication in FLASH (2009, Elsevier Publications) designed to improve awareness of breakthroughs in science and medicine.

O’Connell, W., & Bligh, M. C. (2009). Emerging from Ethical Scandal: Can Corruption Really Have a Happy Ending? Leadership, 5(2), 213-235.

Ferrin, D. L., Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2008). It Takes Two to Tango: An Interdependence Analysis of the Spiraling of Perceived Trustworthiness and Cooperation in Interpersonal and Intergroup Relationships. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes.

Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2008). Negotiating Gender Role Expectations: Rhetorical Leadership and Women in the U.S. Senate. Leadership, 4(4).

Seyranian, V., & Bligh, M. C. (2008). Presidential Charismatic Leadership: Exploring the Rhetoric of Social Change. The Leadership Quarterly, 19(1), 54-76.

Carsten, M. K., & Bligh, M. C. (2008). Lead, Follow, and Get Out of the Way: Involving Employees in the Visioning Process. In Riggio, R., Chaleff, I., & Lipman-Blumen, J. (Eds.), The Art of Followership: How Great Followers Create Great Leaders and Organizations. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Schyns, B., & Bligh, M. C. (2007). Introduction to the Special Issue on the Romance of Leadership – In Memory of James R. Meindl. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 56(4), 501-504.

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., Justin, J. E., Pearce, C. L, & Stovall, J. (2007). When the Romance is Over: Follower Perspectives of Aversive Leadership. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 56(4), 528-557.

Pelletier, K. L., & Bligh, M. C. (2007). The Aftermath of Organizational Corruption: Employee Attributions and Emotional Reactions to Unethical Leadership. Journal of Business Ethics.

Bligh, M. C., & Schyns, B. (2007). The Romance Lives On: Contemporary Issues Surrounding the Romance of Leadership. Leadership, 3(3), 343-360.

Ferrin, D. L., Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2007). Can I Trust You to Trust Me? A Theory of Trust, Monitoring, and Cooperation in Interpersonal and Intergroup Relationships. Group and Organization Management, 32(4), 465-499.

~Recipient of the 2007 Group and Organization Management Best Paper Award, Academy of Management Meetings, Anaheim, CA.

Bligh, M. C., & Hess, G. D. (2007). The Power of Leading Subtly: Alan Greenspan, Rhetorical Leadership, and Monetary Policy. The Leadership Quarterly.

Shamir, B., Pillai, R., Bligh, M. C., & Uhl-Bien, M. (Eds.). (2006). Follower-Centered Perspectives on Leadership: A Tribute to the Memory of James R. Meindl. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Bligh, M. C., Pillai, R., & Uhl-Bien, M. (2006). The Social Construction of a Legacy: Summarizing and Extending Follower-Centered Perspectives on Leadership. In Shamir, B., Pillai, R., Bligh, M. C., & Uhl-Bien, M. (Eds.). Follower-Centered Perspectives on Leadership: A Tribute to the Memory of James R. Meindl.  Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Carsten, M. R., & Bligh, M. C. (2006). Here Today, Gone Tomorrow: Follower Perceptions of a Departing Leader and a Lingering Vision. In Shamir, B., Pillai, R., Bligh, M. C., & Uhl-Bien, M. (Eds.). Follower-Centered Perspectives on Leadership: A Tribute to the Memory of James R. Meindl.  Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Pillai, R., Kohles, J. C., & Bligh, M. C. (2006). Through Thick and Thin? Follower Constructions of Presidential Leadership Amidst Crises, 2001 - 2005. In Shamir, B., Pillai, R., Bligh, M. C., & Uhl-Bien, M. (Eds.). Follower-Centered Perspectives on Leadership: A Tribute to the Memory of James R. Meindl.  Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.


Bligh, M. C. (2006). Surviving Post-Merger 'Culture Clash': Can Cultural Leadership Lessen the Casualties? Leadership, 4(2), 395-426.

Bligh, M. C., Pearce, C. L., & Kohles, J. C. (2006). The Importance of Self and Shared Leadership in Team Based Knowledge Work: A Meso-Level Model of Leadership Dynamics. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21(4), 296-318.
Follow this link for Emerald, the publishers of the article above.

Pelletier, K. L., & Bligh, M. C. (2006). Rebounding From Corruption: Perceptions of Ethics Program Effectiveness in a Public Sector Organization. Journal of Business Ethics, 67(4), 359-374.

Bligh, M. C., & Carsten, M. K. (2005). Post-Merger Psychological Contracts: Exploring a “Multiple Foci” Conceptualization. Employee Relations, 27(5), 495-510.

Donaldson, S. I., & Bligh, M. C. (2005). Using Psychological Science to Improve the Workplace and Organizational Effectiveness: Rewarding and Lucrative Careers. In S. I. Donaldson, D. E. Berger, & K. Pezdek (Eds.), The Rise of Applied Psychology: New Frontiers & Rewarding Careers. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., & Pillai, R. (2005). Crisis and Charisma in the California Recall Election. Leadership, 1(3), 323-352.

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., & Meindl, J. R. (2004). Charisma Under Crisis: Presidential Leadership, Rhetoric, and Media Responses Before and After the September 11th Terrorist Attacks. The Leadership Quarterly, 15(2): 211-239.

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., & Meindl, J. R. (2004). Charting the Language of Leadership: A Methodological Investigation of President Bush and the Crisis of 9/11. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(3): 562-574.

Bligh, M.C., & Meindl, J. R. (2004). The Cultural Ecology of Leadership: An Analysis of Popular Leadership Books. Messick, D.M., Kramer, R. (Eds.) The Psychology of Leadership: Some New Approaches. LEA Press.

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., & Pillai, R. (2004). Political Leadership In Crisis: The Role of Charisma in the California Recall Election. Academy of Management Best Papers Proceedings.

Bligh, M. C., & Robinson, J. L. (2004). Different routes to charisma and taking the road less traveled: An analysis of Gandhi’s rhetorical leadership. Cross-Cultural Leadership and Management Studies, 1: 109-125.

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., & Meindl, J. R. (2003). Textual Analysis of Leadership During Crisis: A Methodological Illustration of Responses to 9/11. In D. H. Nagao (Ed.), Proceedings of the Sixty-third Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (CD), ISSN 1543-8643.

Ferrin, D. L., Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2000). Trust, Monitoring, and Cooperative Behavior in Mixed-Motive Intergroup Negotiations. Academy of Management Best Papers Proceedings, CM: B1.

Klein, K., Bliese, P., Kozlowski, S., Dansereau, F., Gavin, M., Griffin, M., Hofmann, D., James, L., Yammarino, F., & Bligh, M. C. (2000). Multilevel Analytical Techniques: Commonalties, Differences, and Continuing Questions. In K. Klein & S. Kozlowski (Eds.), Multilevel Theory, Research, and Methods in Organizations: Foundations, Extensions, and New Directions, San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, Inc.

Light, J. M., Grigsby, J. S., and Bligh, M. C. (1996). Aging and Heterogeneity: Genetics, Social Structure, and Personality The Gerontologist, 36(2): 165-198.

Editorial Roles

Editorial Review Board, Member, Leadership and Organization Development Journal. 2009 – present.

Editorial Review Board, Corresponding Editor, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. 2009 – present.

Editorial Review Board, Member, Administrative Sciences. 2010 – present.

Schyns, B., & Bligh, M. C. (Guest Eds.). (October, 2007). Special Issue on the Romance of Leadership – In Memory of James R. Meindl. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 4.

Shamir, B., Pillai, R., Bligh, M. C., & Uhl-Bien, M. (Eds.). (2007). Follower-Centered Perspectives on Leadership: A Tribute to the Memory of James R. Meindl. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Editorial Review Board, Member, The Leadership Quarterly. 2005 – present.

Editorial Review Board, Member, Leadership. 2007 – present.

Presentations

Ng, E., & Bligh, M. C. (2010, December). Leading Innovation 'In the Trenches': The concept of a continuum of innovation and strategies to overcome barriers to innovation in cultures like Singapore and beyond. Presented at the 8th Annual Asia Academy of Management Conference, Macau.

Bligh, M., Merolla, J., Schroedel, J., & Gonzalez, R. (2010, November). Finding her Voice: Clinton’s Rhetoric in the 2008 Presidential Campaign. Presented at the Northeastern Political Science Association Meetings, Boston, MA.

Hess, G., & Bligh, M. C. (2010, July). Deconstructing Alan: A Quantitative Assessment of the Qualitative Aspects of Chairman Greenspan's Communications. Presented at the CESinfo Venice Summer Institute, Venice, Italy.
Mio, J. S., Riggio, R. E., Bligh, M. C., & Narozniak, D. R. (2010, April). Metaphors, Charisma, Gender, and Humor. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Cancun, Mexico.

Mio, J. S., Riggio, R. E., Bligh, M. C., & Narozniak, D. R. (2010, April). Metaphors, Charisma, Gender, and Humor. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Cancun, Mexico.

Deng, B. H., & Bligh, M. C. (2009, August). Leading for Learning: The Impact of Leadership on Error Learning. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Chicago, IL.

Pillai, R., Kohles, J. C., Bligh, M. C., & Carsten, M. C. (2009, June). Leadership in ‘Confucian Asia’: Similarities and Differences of Justice, Trust, and Leadership Outcomes in Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Presented at the International Eastern Academy of Management, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Mio, J. S., Riggio, R. E., Bligh, M. C., & Narozniak, D. R. (2009, April). Visions and Metaphors: Central Metaphors in Business Vision Statements. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, OR.

Ng, E., & Bligh, M. C. (2008, December). Leading Innovation: Understanding Barriers and Facilitators in the Singaporean Context. Presented at the 6th Annual Asia Academy of Management Conference, Taipei, Taiwan. 

Bligh, M. C. (2008, August). The Influence of the Romance of Leadership in Daily Work Contexts. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Anaheim, CA.

Gaffney, A., Bligh, M. C., Schlehofer, M., & Casad, B. J. (2008, June). Media and Political Identification Influence Perceptions of Female Politicians. Presented at the 7th Biennial Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, Chicago, IL.

Bligh, M. C., & Carsten, M. K. (2008, April). An Unbalanced Equation? Exploring Followership within the Leadership Process. Symposium presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Francisco, CA.

Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J.C. (2008, April). Leading or Following? Contemporary Notions of Followership in Academic Research. Presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Francisco, CA.

Mio, J. S., Riggio, R. E., Bligh, M. C., & Craig, L. (2008, April). Visions and Metaphors II: Underlining Inspirational Passages. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Long Beach, CA.

Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2008, March). Comparing Leaders across Contexts and Cultures: The Role of Computerized Content Analysis. Presented at the Qualitative Research in Management and Organization Conference, Albuquerque, NM.

Bligh, M. C., & Schyns, B. (2007, August). The romance lives on: Exploring questions of followership and the romance of leadership. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Philadelphia, PA.

O’Connell, W., & Bligh, M. C. (2007, August). Emerging from ethical scandal: Can corruption really have a happy ending? Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Philadelphia, PA. 

Schlehofer, M., Casad, B. J., Bligh, M., & Gaffney, A. (2007, May). Perceived Likeability and Competence of Female Senators: Context Matters. Presented at the 87th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association. Vancouver, BC.

Gaffney, A., Schlehofer, M., Casad, B. J., & Bligh, M. (2007, May). Pre-Existing Attitudes Influence Attributions of Women in Gender Incongruent Careers. Presented at the 87th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Vancouver, BC.

Bligh, M. C., Meindl, J. R., & Hatch, M. J. (2007, March). If I Belong, Do I Believe? An Integrative Culture-Identification Framework. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Academy of Management, Missoula, MT.

    ~Nominated for the 2007 Western Academy of Management Best Paper Award.

Bligh, M. C., & Pillai, R. (2007, March). The Contextual Role of Crisis and Uncertainty in Shaping Followers and Followership: Integrating New Ideas and Research Directions. Co-chair of symposium presented at the annual meeting of the Western Academy of Management, Missoula, MT.

Pillai, R., Kohles, J. C., & Bligh, M. C. (2007, March). Follower Constructions of Leadership Amidst Crises. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Academy of Management, Missoula, MT.

Bligh, M. C., & Carsten, M. K. (2007, March). Following in Uncertain Times: Follower Perceptions of a Departing Leader and a Lingering Vision. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Academy of Management, Missoula, MT.

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., Justin, J. E., Pearce, C. L, & Stovall, J. (2007, March). From Halo to Horns: Integrating the Romance of Leadership and the Dark Side of Leadership. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Academy of Management, Missoula, MT.

    ~Nominated for the 2007 Western Academy of Management Best Paper Award, Missoula, MT.

Bligh, M. C., & Seyrayani, V.  (2006, August). Presidential Charismatic Leadership: Exploring the Rhetoric of Social Change from Theodore Roosevelt to George W. Bush. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Atlanta, GA.

Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2006, August). The Importance of Self- and Shared Leadership in Team Based Knowledge Work. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Atlanta, GA.

O’Connell, W., Bligh, M. C., & Pelletier, K. (2006, May). Ethical Leadership through Ethical Scandal, Intervention and Post Intervention Periods. Presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas, TX.

Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2006, May). Exploring Gender Role Stereotypes: The Rhetorical Leadership of Women in the U.S. Senate. Presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas, TX.

Bligh, M. C., Schlehofer-Sutton, M. M., Casad, B. J., & Grotto, A. (2006, May). Gender Stereotypes, Political Affiliation, and Media Influences on Perceptions of Women Senators. Presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas, TX.

Ferrin, D. L., Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2005, August). It Takes Two to Tango: An Interdependence Analysis of Trust and Cooperation Spirals. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Honolulu, HI.

Bligh, M. C., Schlehofer, M. M., Casad, B. J., & Grotto, A. R. (2005, May). Likeability and Competence of Female Senators: The Role of Media Depictions. Presented at the 17th annual meeting of the American Psychological Society, Los Angeles, CA.

Bligh, M. C. (2005, April). Examining the Leadership-Culture Paradox: 'Managing Culture' or 'The Culture of Management?' Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Academy of Management, Las Vegas, NV.

Bligh, M. C., & Carsten, M. K. (2005, April). Impaired Vision: Executive Turnover During the Height of Vision Implementation. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Academy of Management, Las Vegas, NV.

Bligh, M. C., & Robinson, J. L. (2005, April). Exploring Gandhi's Rhetorical Leadership. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Academy of Management, Las Vegas, NV.

Carsten, M. K., & Bligh, M. C. (2005, April). Here Today, Gone Tomorrow: Leader Departure and a Lingering Vision. Presented at the 20th annual conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Los Angeles, CA.

Grotto, A. R., Casad, B. J., Schlehofer, M. M., & Bligh, M. C. (2005, February). Stereotypes of Females, Politicians, and Female Politicians: Evidence for a Female Politician Subgroup. Presented at the 30th annual conference of the Association for Women in Psychology, Tampa, FL.

Casad, B. J., Schlehofer, M. M., Grotto, A. R., & Bligh, M. C. (2005, January). Gender Stereotypes,Political Affiliation, and Media Influences on Perceptions of Female Senators. Presented at the 6th Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., & Pillai, R. (2004, August). Political Leadership in Crisis: The Role of Charisma in the California Recall Election. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, New Orleans, LA.

Bligh, M. C., & Pelletier, K. (2004, August). Organizational Ethics in Theory and Practice: A Global Perspective. Showcase Symposium at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, New Orleans, LA.

Pelletier, K., & Bligh, M. C. (2004, August). Good Ethics is Good Business: Enhancing Ethics Program Effectiveness in the Public Sector. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, New Orleans, LA.

Bligh, M. C., & Robinson, J. L. (2004, June). Different Routes to Charisma and Taking the Road Less Traveled: An Analysis of Gandhi’s Rhetorical Leadership. Presented at the first annual Cross-Cultural Leadership and Management Studies Conference, Seoul, Korea.

Casad, B. J., Schlehofer-Sutton, M. M., Grotto, A. R., & Bligh, M. C. (2004, April). Subgrouping Female Politicians: Not Quite Female, Not Quite Politician. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Phoenix, AZ.

Bligh, M. C., & Carsten, M. K. (2004, April). Stuck in the Middle: Multifaceted Psychological Contracts in a Post-Merger Environment. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Academy of Management, Anchorage, AK.

Schlehofer-Sutton, M. M., Casad, B. J., Grotto, A. R., & Bligh, M. C. (2004, January). The Effects of Print Media Priming on Evaluations of a Female Senator’s Competence and Likeability. Presented at the 5th Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Austin, Texas.

Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2003, August). Negotiating Gender Role Expectations: Rhetorical Leadership and Women in the U.S. Senate. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Seattle, Washington.

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., & Meindl, J. R. (2003, August). Textual Analysis of Leadership During Crisis: A Methodological Illustration Of Responses To 9/11. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Seattle, Washington.

Carsten, M., & Bligh, M. C. (2003, May). Post-merger psychological contracts: Comparing organizational, managerial and subordinate dimensions. Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Bligh, M. C. (2002, August). From Culture Clash to Integration: Cultural Leadership in a Post-Merger Organization. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Denver, Colorado.

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., & Meindl, J. R. (2002, August). Charisma Under Crisis: Presidential Leadership Before and After 9/11. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Denver, Colorado.

Ferrin, D.L, Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2002, April). Trust, Monitoring and Cooperation in Mixed-Motive Negotiations: A Causal Examination of Competing Theories and a Comparison across Levels. Presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Toronto, Ontario.

Bligh, M. C., Meindl, J. R., & Hatch, M. J. (2000, August). From Organizational Culture to Identification: Integrating Complementary Constructs. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Toronto, Ontario.

Ferrin, D. L., Bligh, M. C., & Kohles, J. C. (2000, August). Trust, Monitoring, and Cooperative Behavior in Mixed-Motive Intergroup Negotiations. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Toronto, Ontario.

Kohles, J. C., & Bligh, M. C. (2000, August). The Vision Integration Process: Leadership, Communication, and a Reconceptualization of Vision. Presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Toronto, Ontario.

Light, J. M., Grigsby, J. S., & Bligh, M. C. (1994, August). Why Does Heterogeneity Increase With Age? Genetic and Sociological Approaches to Personality. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Los Angeles, California.