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Portrait of Graham Bird

Graham Bird is a clinical professor in the Division of Politics and Economics at Claremont Graduate University. He is also emeritus professor in the school of economics at the University of Surrey in the U.K., where he was head of department for 12 years, as well as founder and director of the Surrey Centre for International Economic Studies (SCIES). He has also taught at the Fletcher School, Tufts University, Claremont McKenna College, and at the universities of Kent, Sussex, and Reading, as well as the London School of Economics in the U.K. and at Wellesley College in the U.S. He has acted as a consultant or adviser to the IMF’s Independent Evaluation Office, the World Bank, various U.N. agencies including UNDP and UNICEF, the U.K. Treasury, the Bank of England, the European Central Bank, and the Commonwealth Secretariat. He has been a visiting scholar in the IMF’s Research Department, the Stockholm University Institute for International Economics, and the Harvard Kennedy School’s Center for International Development. He served on the steering committee of the Royal Economic Society’s Conference of Heads of University Departments of Economics (CHUDE) and on the Quality Assurance Agency’s Benchmarking Group, which set standards for teaching economics at universities in the U.K.

Bird is the author, co-author, or editor of more than 250 publications, including 26 books and monographs. His research often crosses conventional disciplinary boundaries and his published papers have appeared in internationally leading economics, development, and international relations journals including Journal of International Money and Finance, European Economic Review, World Development, Journal of Development Studies, and International Organization. He had three papers published in the prestigious Princeton Essays in International Economics series.

Many of Bird’s papers have been heavily cited in the academic literature, as reflected by his Google Scholar citation data. They have been widely used by policy makers. He has regularly been ranked in the top 5% of authors in economics worldwide on the basis of his research output and citations.

His most recent book, The IMF: Distinguishing Reality from Rhetoric, co-authored with Dane Rowlands, was published in 2016. It provides a detailed empirical examination of IMF programs, the pattern of their use, their implementation as well as their impact on economic growth, private capital flows, and foreign aid. Reviewers have referred to it as a “must-read” for any serious scholar of international economic affairs and as a benchmark for future research. Bird regularly publishes articles that examine contemporary issues in international macroeconomics and finance, international economic development, and macroeconomic policy.

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Harper East 201

Co-authored with H. Baldovino, “Graduation from the Prolonged Use of IMF Resources: A Case Study of the Philippines,” World Economics, 24 (2), 2023.

Co-authored with T. Willett, “The Long and Winding Road from the International Macro Policy Trilemma to the Integrated Policy Framework,” World Economics, 23 (4), 2022: 31-51.

Co-authored with W. Du and E. Pentecost, “Is Another Eurozone Crisis Coming? Have the Markets Gone Back to Sleep?” World Economics, 23 (3), 2022: 29-48.

“Fears of Inflation: What’s Going On?” World Economics, 23 (2), 2022: 95-119.

Co-authored with F. Qayum and D. Rowlands, “The Effects of IMF Programs on Poverty, Income Inequality and Social Expenditure in Low Income Countries: An Empirical Analysis,” Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 24 (2), 2021: 170-188.

Co-authored with E. Pentecost and T. Willett, “Modern Monetary Theory and the Policy Response to COVID 19,” World Economics, 22 (1), 2021: 31-53.

“Structural Reform, IMF Conditionality and the Goldilocks Problem,” World Economics, 21 (3), 2020: 155-182.

Co-authored with E. Pentecost “The Epidemiology of Economic and Financial Crises,” World Economics, 21 (2), 2020: 227-247.

Co-authored with H. Almahmood and T. Willett. “The Relationship between Currency Crises and Capital Flow Reversals: An Empirical Examination.” International Review of Economics and Finance 69, (2020): 419-34.

Co-authored with Y. Choi. “The Effects of Remittances, Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Aid on Economic Growth: An Empirical Analysis.” Review of Development Economics 24, no. 1 (2020): 1-30.

“Exchange Rate Policy in Emerging Economies: Should Floating Be Clean or Dirty?” World Economics 20, no. 4 (2019): 99-122.

Co-authored with E. Pentecost and Y. Yang. “The Twin Deficits Hypothesis: An Empirical Examination.” Open Economies Review 30, no. 4 (2019): 759-77.

Co-authored with E. Pentecost, et al. “Contagion from Crises in the Eurozone: Where, When and Why?” European Journal of Finance 25, no. 14 (2019): 1309-327.

Co-authored with D. Rowlands. “The Effects of IMF Programs on Economic Growth in Low Income Countries.” Journal of Development Studies 53, no. 12 (2017): 2179-196.

Co-authored with W. Du and T. Willett. “Behavioral Finance and Efficient Markets: What Does the Euro Crisis Tell Us?” Open Economies Review 28, no. 2 (2017): 273-95.

Co-authored with D. Rowlands. The IMF: Distinguishing Reality from Rhetoric. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016.

Co-authored with J. Myonas and D. Rowlands. “The Political Economy of Participation in IMF Programs: A Disaggregated Empirical Analysis.” Journal of Economic Policy Reform 18, no. 3 (2015): 221-43.

Co-authored with A. Mandilaras. “Transitions in Exchange Rate Regimes in the Aftermath of the Global Economic Crisis.” Applied Economics Letters 22, no. 7 (2015): 567-71.

Co-authored with A. Mandilaras and H. Popper. “Trilemma Stability and International Macroeconomic Archetypes.” European Economic Review 64, (2013): 181-93.

Co-authored with A. Mandilaras and H. Popper. “Is There a Beijing Consensus on International Macroeconomic Policy?” World Development 40, no. 10 (2012): 1933-943.

Co-authored with A. Mandilaras. “Once Bitten: The Effects of IMF Programs on Subsequent Reserve Behavior.” Review of Development Economics 15, no. 2 (2011).

Co-authored with A. Mandilaras. “A Markov Switching Analysis of Contagion in the EMS.” Journal of International Money and Finance 29, no. 6 (2010): 1062-075.

Global Money and Finance
Contemporary Issues in International Money and Finance
International Development: Finance, Institutions and Policy
Modern Macroeconomics: Analysis, Policy and Applications.
The World Economy: Trade and Finance